Mother Teresa

by - 18 October

MOTHER TERESA


  • Born Agnes Gonxhe Bojakshihu, Mother Teresa (1910-1997) was an Albanian Roman Catholic nun with Indian citizenship.

  • In 1950, he established charity missionaries at Kolkata (Calcutta), India. For 45 years he served the poor, the sick, the orphan and the deceased, as well as providing guidance for the expansion of charity missionaries throughout India and subsequently in other countries.

  • By the 1970s he had become internationally famous as a humanitarian and advocate for the poor and helpless, and a documentary on his life and a book by Malcolm Muggeridge, Something Beautiful for God, were also written. He received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979 and was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest honor, in 1980 for his humanitarian and public works. Mother Teresa's charity missionaries continued to expand. At the time of his death, there were 610 such missions operating in 123 countries, including HIV / AIDS, a hospital and home for leprosy and tuberculosis patients, kitchens for the helpless / poor, counseling programs for children and families, orphanages and schools.

  • After his death, Pope John Paul II gave him the title of Blessed Teresa of Calcutta (Calcutta's blessed Teresa).

Life
  • He was born on August 26, but he called his "true birthday" August 27, the day he was baptized.

  • His father was active in Albanian politics. After Skopje was forced out of Albania at a political gathering in 1919, he fell ill and Agnes died when he was only eight years old. After his father's death, his mother raised him as a Roman Catholic.

  • According to his biography by John Graf Klucas, he was very impressed with the lives and missionaries of the missionaries in childhood and by the age of 12 he was convinced that he should devote himself to religious life.

  • At the age of 18, he left home to join the Sisters of Loreto and become a missionary. He never returned to see his mother or sister.

  • Initially, Agnes went to the Loreto monastery in Rathfarnham, Ireland, where Loreto's Sisters began to learn the English language that was used to teach Indian schoolchildren.
  • He returned to India in 1929 and began his trial as a baptist in Darjeeling, near the Himalayan mountain range. On May 24, 1931, he took his first religious oath as a nun.


  • He chose Teresa for himself at the time of the missionary patron saint, Therese de Lisieux. He was officially sworn in on May 14, 1937, while serving as a teacher at the Loreto Convent School in East Calcutta.
  • Teresa loved to teach in school, yet the poverty that surrounded her in Calcutta kept getting more and more disturbed.

  • In the wake of the scarcity of 1943, grief and death swept through the city; And the Hindu / Muslim riots that erupted in August 1946 left the city in despair and danger.
  • He later described what Teresa experienced as "the voice of conscience" on her way to the Loreto convent in Darjeeling from Calcutta to spend her annual solitude on September 10, 1946.
  • "I had to leave the convent and help the poor among them. This was a clear mandate. If I failed to believe it, I would have said my religion was lost."
  • In 1948 he started his missionary work with the poor, adopted a simple white cotton saree with brown beard in place of the traditional costume of Loreto and accepted Indian citizenship and began his work in the slum. But soon they began to care for the deprived / destitute and the starving. The service and efforts he undertook attracted the attention of the Indian officials very quickly and the Prime Minister also expressed appreciation for his work.

  • Teresa wrote in her diary that her first year was fraught with difficulties / risks. He had no source of income at the time, and had to resort to begging for food and other necessities. In these early months, Teresa experienced doubts, loneliness, and the temptation to return to the comfortable life of her convent. He writes in his daily routine:

  • “Our Lord wants me to be a free nun covered with the cross of poverty. Today I learned a good lesson. The poverty of the poor must be so hard for them. While looking for a home I walked and walked until my arms and legs ached. I thought how much they must have ache in body and soul, looking for a home, food and health. Then the comfort of Loreto [her former order] came to tempt me. 'You only have to say the word and all that will be yours again,' the Tempter kept saying ... Of free choice, my God, and out of love for you, I desire to remain and do whatever your Holy will be in my regard. I didn't let a single tear come.

  • At the peak of the siege of Beirut in 1982, Mother Teresa rescued 37 children trapped in a hospital in the front row during a momentary ceasefire between the Israeli army and Palestinian gorillas.

  • Along with Red Cross activists, he entered the field of war and brought the young patients out of the deserted hospital.

  • In the 1980s, when open warfare broke out in Eastern Europe, he once tried to expand the Missionaries of Charity to denominated Communist countries and began work on dozens of projects.

  •  He went against the criticism of his firm views on abortion and divorce, saying, "No matter what anyone says, you should accept it with a smile and do your job."

  • Mother Teresa traveled to assist and care for the Ethiopian hungry, the radiation victims at Camobial and the earthquake victims in Armenia.

  •  In 1991, Mother Teresa returned to her hometown for the first time and opened the Missionaries of Charity Brothers in Tirana, Albania.

  • By 1996, they operated 517 missions in more than 100 countries. [3] As the years passed, Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity grew to thousands and served "the poorest of the poor" in 450 centers around the world. The first Missionaries of Charity Home in the United States was established in the South Bronx, New York; By 1984, this ranking had resulted in 19 such charities nationwide.
  • The use of rupees in charitable donations was also criticized / condemned. According to Christopher Hitchens and German magazine Stern, Mother Teresa used donated money not only to alleviate poverty or improve her hospital facilities, but also to promote new convents and her missionary work.
  • In addition, there was criticism for accepting donations from certain sources. Mother Teresa accepted donations from the despotic and corrupt Duvalier family in Haiti and even publicly praised them. He also accepted $ 1.4 million from Charles Keating, involved in a fraudulent and corrupt scheme known as the Keating Five Scandal, and supported the man before and after his arrest.
  •  Los Angeles Deputy District Attorney Paul Turtley wrote a letter to Mother Teresa about returning the donation money to people whom Keating had cheated on, including a "poor carpenter." The donation amount was not calculated and Tourlaye received no response.
  •  A former member of the Missionary of Charity, Collette Livermore describes the reasons for her separation in her book Hop Endures: Living Mother Teresa, Losing Faith, and Searching for Mining. Despite being a good and courageous person, Livermore called Mother Teresa's "theology of suffering" a flawed / incomplete one. Although Mother Teresa explained the importance of spreading the Lord's message to her followers through their practice rather than religious sessions, Livermore did not find certain aspects of the organization to be consistent with her teachings. In his examples, when approaching a nun at an inappropriate time instead of a fixed time for needy help, the matter of refusing help to them without cause, is to discourage them from seeking medical training for the illnesses they often have to deal with (the Lord empowers weak and ignorant people Justifying it), and imposing "unjust" punishments, such as shifting away from friends. Is disguised. Livermore says the Missionaries of Charity "childish" all its nuns by imposing a ban on reading secular books and newspapers and emphasizing obedience more than seeking independent thinking and problem-solving.
  • More than three decades ago, the Government of India honored Mother Teresa with her first award in 1962. In the decades that followed, he was constantly receiving Indian awards. He was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1972 and the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor, in 1980.
  • Published in 1992, Mother Teresa's authentic biography was written by Naveen Chawla, an Indian government employee.
  • He was awarded an honorary degree by the universities of India as well as Western universities. Other civilian awards given to him include the Balzen Prize and the Albert Switzer International Award (1975) for maintaining humanity, peace and brotherhood among the people.
  • In 1979, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for "Struggling to Exit Poverty and Trouble With Peace." He rejected the traditional banquet given to the winners, saying that these worldly rewards only matter if he wants to help the needy in the world and give $ 192,000 to the poor of India. When Mother Teresa accepted the award, "What can we do for world peace?" Asked the question, he replied, "I love your family at home." In his Noble Lecture, he spoke more deeply on the subject, "I have seen poverty not only in the poorest countries, but also in the western countries. Poverty is more difficult to eradicate. When I give it to him, a plate of rice and a piece of bread, I know. I have satisfied his appetite, he has removed his appetite, but his lips have been sealed and which is in. He called abortion "the greatest destroyer of world peace." Three-fold.

  • Around the end of his life, there was little negative publicity about Mother Teresa in the Western media. Journalist Christopher Hitchens was one of his most active critics. Co-authored by Christopher, who co-authored a documentary called Hell-Angel on Mother Teresa for British Channel 4; Arup Chatterjee's encouragement that such a film should be made, but seeing the final film, Arup Chatterjee's "sensational approach." "In 1959, Hitchens wrote extensively in his book The Missionary Position.

  • According to Chatterjee, while Mother Teresa was still alive, she and her official biographers refused to join Chatterjee in their investigation, thus failing to defend themselves against critical writing in the Western Press. The report, published in the Guardian Britain, cited the example, "a strict (and detailed) review of the status of their orphanages. They were given ... (the) allegations of physical and emotional abuse and gross neglect", [] 3 Mother Teresa: Time for change for European countries? Another documentary, titled, was also aired. Of course, both Chatterjee and Hitchens also faced criticism for their views.

  • On the first anniversary of Mother Teresa's death, German magazine Stern published a shocking article. The charges included financial matters and donations money. The medical press also criticized his appearance and priorities regarding his patients' needs. His other critics include Tariq Ali, editorial member of the New Left Review, and Irish-born research journalist Donal Mi Contier.

  • His death has caused mourning among the secular and religious communities. Paying tribute to him, Pakistan's Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said that "he is a rare and extraordinary person who lived for a long time for the highest purpose. A lifelong dedication to the care of the poor, the sick and the disadvantaged is the best example of humanitarian service." Said, "Mother Teresa herself is a United Nations. World peace is the same." According to Gallup, he was the single most admired person in the United States during his lifetime and even after his death, and according to a survey conducted in the United States in 1999, he was found to be "the most admired person of the twentieth century." It was the first choice of people in all large population divisions except very small ones, and it overtook the rest of them at great distances.

Monument:
  • Various memorial festivals are celebrated in the name of Mother Teresa. Memorial museums have been erected in memory of Mother Teresa, various churches have been assigned as patrons in her name, and various structures and pathways have been named after her. Various tributes were published in Indian newspapers and magazines by his biographer Naveen Chawla.


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